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Archaeology & Anthropology

“Arizona’s greatness lies in the sum total of its geography and its peoples and their efforts from prehistoric times to come to terms with a land that makes no concessions to human beings.” ~Lawrence Clark Powell

Annotated lists of links to web-based resources categorized by subject.

Arizona Archaeological Society
The Arizona Archaeological Society was founded in 1964 as an independent, non-profit, state-wide volunteer organization to serve as a bond between professional archaeologists and avocational nonprofessional volunteers in order to foster interest and research in the archaeology of Arizona; to encourage better public understanding and concern for archaeological and cultural resources; and to protect antiquities by discouraging exploitation of archaeological resources. Their website includes links to the Desert Foothills and other chapters.

Archaeology of Ancient Arizona
A summary of Arizona’s prehistoric land and people, from the University of Arizona Press. Read an excerpt here.

Prehistory of the Southwest
ASB 321, Indians of the Southwest, by students at Arizona State University. An introductory course in the study of the American Southwest, designed to be presented during 20 hours of classroom instruction. The suggested text for this class is Archaeology of the Southwest, Second Edition by Linda S. Cordell. A general studies course with an excellent introduction, detailed information and pictures.

Arizona Archaeological Council
The Arizona Archaeological Council is a non-profit voluntary association existing to promote the goals of professional archaeology in Arizona.

Archaeological Research Institute
Archaeological Research Institute in Tempe, Arizona. Look for ARI at family events including educational, archaeological, and science fairs like the Arizona Archaeology Expo, and SEE ASU, Arizona State University’s science open house.

Deer Valley Rock Art Center
Petroglyph facts, photos, resources, and activities.

Prehistoric Pottery of Arizona
Interactive web exhibit that explores how prehistoric pottery was made in four different prehistoric southwest culture groups. Includes games, quizzes, maps, illustrated with images and descriptions. Perfect for Arizona Fourth Grade Instruction and other K-6 children.

National Park Service Archeology Program
Archeology in the parks, teacher resources, and archeology for kids.

State Historic Preservation Office
The State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO), a division of Arizona State Parks, is responsible for the identification, evaluation, and protection of Arizona’s prehistoric and historic cultural resources. Check their site for a statewide listing of archeology events for Arizona Archaeology Heritage Awareness Month in March.

Council of Indian Nations
Southwest Indian history and people.

Archaeology of the Phoenix Indian School
The Phoenix Indian School Archaeological Project was initiated to assess a large turn-of-the-century trash dump near the school’s track. Bottles, plates with makers’ marks, bricks, and coins date the refuse to between 1891 and about 1926. The artifacts thus provide valuable information about the school’s first decades.

Historic Cemeteries of Arizona
Historic cemeteries preserve essential information for local historians, family genealogists and the general public. The Pioneers’ Cemetery Association (PCA) defines an ‘historic cemetery’ as one which has been in existence for more than fifty years. The mission of the Pioneers’ Cemetery Association (PCA) is to research, preserve, and protect the history and physical remains of Arizona pioneers as exemplified in the early, historic-period cemeteries of the state.

Tombstone Transcription Project
The tombstones of our ancestors were meant to be lasting memorials. The purpose of this project is to transcribe and archive tombstone inscriptions before they are destroyed by time and the elements, so that they will always be available for future generations. This project is all about remembering our dead and preserving our history! Many Arizona cemeteries are represented, but more need to be done. If you would like to partipate in this volunteer project, please click here for ideas on how to get started.

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